Sustainability Blog

Sachin Kumar's picture
Scaling up green livelihood initiatives-an antidote for climate change induced migration by Sachin Kumar
Environmentally induced disasters have been disrupting livelihood systems of communities significantly, forcing people to move out of their villages. This movement has far-reaching ramifications for the cities where they are going and the villages they are leaving. This issue has been dealt with at two levels, in an obstructive as well as constructive ways. Efforts are being made to ensure proper care of migrants at the place of their arrival which could be considered as one of the constructive ways. At the same time, if we develop resilient communities, provide them with adaptation and mitigation mechanisms and ensure livelihoods at their own places, they would not be forced to leave. These approaches have been bracketed under obstructive ways to deal with migration. It is important to note that both approaches are valuable. BIG GREEN project, supported by FES India can be termed as intermediate-term, obstructive way to deal with environmentally induced migration. We believe that a number of community driven green livelihood initiatives (GLIs) are available throughout the world which is ecologically sustainable, socially equitable and economically viable. But the impact of such GLIs has been limited and they remain small islands of successes. It is important that GLIs are scaled up so that their impact gets maximized and people are not forced to leave their place. It would not only check the influx of people on already
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Shaleindra Bisht's picture
Escaping the Double Whammy of Climate Change - Way forward for Global South´- by Shaleindra Bisht
Developing countries have to engage in a difficult balancing act of generating employment, protecting environment and fulfilling growing aspirations of a young population. This has been exacerbated by the renewed emphasis on tackling climate change on war footing. The global south has thus been burdened by additional charge on their meager resources. The Global South has to account for public opinion when their citizens may believe is that they are not responsible for the 'Climate Change mess'. There might be two ways to go forward´- Top Down led by Global North and Bottom Up led by citizen led but Global South state supported initiatives. Let me first discuss the prevelant model for tackling Global Climate Change where the developed countries provide the technical know-how, execution skill and financial resources. This could then be used by developing world to both mitigate and adapt to climate change. This is certainly faster and might be operationally and financially efficient but runs the risk of being too centralized and thus not responding to ground realities of global south.
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admin's picture
Primeras impresiones de la COP 21

by Gabriela Niño

La segunda semana de las negociaciones de la COP 21 empieza hoy. Los primeros pasos en la COP e impresiones sobre cómo está el ambiente en la sede: La ciudad tranquila, mucha seguridad por las calles, y alrededor de 45 minutos de Montmartre para llegar a la sede. La ciudad respira COP 21 por doquier. El sábado se aprobó el draft para la reunión ministerial con alrededor de mil corchetes, dudas sobre los temas centrales como financiamiento, pérdidas y daños, así como la meta a cumplir entre los 1.5 y los 2 grados centígrados. Las discusiones siguen y es difícil vislumbrar que tanto vamos a avanzar. Hoy por la tarde estará en la plenaria el Ministro de Medio Ambiente de México presentando la posición de México sobre este nuevo acuerdo.

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admin's picture
¿Ambicioso o no el borrador del Acuerdo de París?

by Gabriela Niño and Ana Mendívil

El 5 de diciembre a media noche se aprobó el borrador que el día de hoy, 7 de diciembre de 2015,  se empezará a negociar en las reuniones ministeriales de la COP21. Después de un largo camino y de múltiples reuniones desde  la COP17 en Durban, el sábado se logró tener un borrador para la segunda semana en París. No obstante, quedan muchas preguntas abiertas sobre si éste es lo suficientemente ambicioso o no.

 

Como parte de los compromisos de la Presidencia de la COP, el acuerdo debe estar listo antes de que termine la Conferencia el 11 de diciembre. Entre los pendientes, aún no es posible identificar con claridad cuáles serán los mecanismos a través de los cuales se podrán establecer acciones como el cumplimiento de las INDCs, para cumplir con la meta de que el aumento de la temperatura media global no supere los 2°C. Aunque el texto incluye una meta del 1.5°C, todavía no es posible encontrar en parte de la redacción que este objetivo debe adecuarse a los conocimientos científicos. En este sentido, resulta incomprensible seguir contemplando como horizonte la reducción del 100% de las emisiones entre 2060 y 2080, cuando es hoy el momento en el que deben reducirse por lo menos 70% de las emisiones globales para evitar impactos irreversibles en el medio ambiente y la población mundial.

 

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admin's picture
El día del transporte en la COP21

by Gabriela Niño and Ana Mendívil

En seguimiento al éxito del Día del Transporte celebrado en Lima en el marco de la COP20, las organizaciones Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCat Partnership), Bridiging the Gap Initiative (BtG) y Michelin Challenge Bibendum (MCB) organizaron el Día del Trasporte en el contexto de la COP21 en París, Francia.

 

Así, el domingo 06 de diciembre de 2015 se llevó a cabo en la sede de la International Union of Railway, el Transport Day 2016. Se dieron cita varios expertos de todo el mundo para hablar de sus experiencias acerca de los proyectos más novedosos que se están implementando alrededor del mundo, principalmente en los países en desarrollo. Durante las primeras horas del evento, conferencias en las diversas salas tocaron temas relativos a la reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI), eficiencia energética, financiamiento, tecnologías y cambios de paradigma sobre la movilidad, el desarrollo urbano y el espacio público.

 

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Luciano Frontelle's picture
COY11 MANIFESTO: A tool for action and lobbying on the fight against Climate Change

youth in 9 different locations, in all continents, and on the web drafting together their recommendations and values for a better world.

By Luciano Frontelle and Giulia Motta Zanin

Just a few days away from the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, COP21, youth from all around the world gathered at the same time in Paris, for COY11, and all the other continents, in Local COYs. Their objective was to draft and publish a Manifesto that may inspire others to act and help those whom are going to be lobbying for a bold and strong agreement  at the end of the negotiations happening for the next two weeks in Le Bourget.

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Pedro Neves's picture
Youngo opens the COP21 with a disturbing but hopeful speach

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Pedro Neves, from France

Since the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ), in 2005 at COP 5 in Bonn, youth and adolescents have participated in its elaboration, as well as hosting preparatory meetings called "Youth Conferences", which help build and empower these young people to the process of negotiations .

The United Nations set up an organ, with this group of participants, called Youngo (UNFCCC observer constituency of youth non-governmental organizations). In practical terms, it was given to Youngo the responsibility for directing plenaries, discussing high-level segments of the COP/CMP, making individual and collective requests, holding training workshops, finding Convention officers, and also occupying seats in the discussions, also promoting the Youth Day for future generations about the COPs.

On the first day of the event in Paris, Youngo published their first statement and released a document saying the expectations for the agreements that define COP21. "Breathe deeply. This will be the last time that any living being will witness the CO2 levels below 400ppm. After long years sleeping, from 1992 to 2015, it's time to wake up", said Juan Jose Vazquez Milling, representative of Youngo, in his opening speech at COP21.

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Inti Rioja Guzmán's picture
¿Es posible que una economía decrezca?

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Inti Tonatiuh Rioja Guzmán * resumen campamento de Decrecimiento y Cambio Climático en Erkelenz - Alemania.

 

Pese al crecimiento de nuevos países en la economía mundial como China, la hegemonía del norte contemplada como Europa occidental y Estados Unidos se encuentra vigente, el modelo que plantea medir el crecimiento a partir del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) es un ejemplo.

 

El modelo impulsa a que las economías se vean en una constante carrera de expansión, es una teoría de connotaciones fuertes e involucra los paradigmas civilizatorios de gobierno y sociedad civil.

 

El crecimiento juega un rol importante en las sociedades capitalistas, puede mantener a poblaciones políticamente estables al costo de moverse constantemente para no caer, a su vez, el expandirse y reproducirse genera individualización de las personas llevando al medio ambiente a un límite.

 

Es compleja la realidad, principalmente porque vemos una evolución del colonialismo antes impuesto de persona a persona, ahora, de modelo económico a persona, todo esto a raíz de la necesidad de “crear” un sujeto que pueda ser explotado globalmente, una especie de racismo ambiental.

 

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Shakir Majeedi's picture
Degrowth by example

Degrowth means living lightly on earth, says Dr. Al-Jayyousi from Jordan to a tent of fully packed enthusiasts who want to listen to his lecture about “Islam and Sustainable Development”. The summer camp that attracted more than a thousand activists from around Germany and other countries such as Afghanistan, Jordan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, and Canada, the latter supported by the FES.

Their slogan ‘Degrowth’, which is still not recognizable by my computer dictionary, was not mere words but a collective strive to show it in action during the 10-day camp from August 7 to 17 in the Rhineland. A platform, in order to exchange knowledge and experience amongst the developing and developed nations about climate justice and how the industrialization has negatively affected the environment, the society, displaced entire communities, and has caused misfortune to the same human beings it is supposed to help.

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Odeh Al-Jayyousi's picture
Re-thinking de-growth: Islamic perspectives

Islam as a way of life is seen to provide remedies and insights to the national and global debate on growth and sustainability. Islam views the role of the individual as a value-and knowledge creator, a steward, witness, and a reformer who strives to contribute to progress and good life (Hayat Tayebah). To be able to achieve this, we must develop new development models that are informed by both culture and ecology. Social equity, good governance, participation, de-growth, conservation and protection are key principles in natural resources  management in Islam. Islamic development model argues for achieving prosperity without increasing the ecological footprints. Paradoxically, the wealth in the Gulf countries in the Middle East generated from oil in the early of the 20th century was coupled with a modernization model that acclerated overconsuption and waste production. 

 

To be a Muslim implies that one has to believe in all prophets including Abraham, Moses and Jusus since all are one continuum. The “unity” (or Tawhid in Arabic) means a unified mission of humanity to protect the Earth or construction of the Earth (Emartu Al ard). The process of construction (or re-construction) entails a set of shifts in the following domains:

 

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Nina Netzer's picture
Start of the Degrowth Summer School

Tomorrow, on August 8, the Degrowth Summer School starts in Erkelenz, Germany. The venue was chosen because the region of the Rhineland is the biggest CO2 polluter in Europe. One focus of the Summer School therefore will be the energy transition and an exit from fossil fuel-fired power plants. Discussions will focus on climate justice and the necessity to change our energy- and resource-intensive way of life. There will be an extensive programme of seminars, workshops and courses. The FES contributes with two workshops: "Just transition in the Coal Industry" and "Islam and Degrowth".

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   picture: cc Heather Buckley

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Reynaldo de Azevedo Gosmão's picture
Reta Final: Uma análise sobre o Brasil na COP20

Reynaldo de Azevedo*, da Agência Jovem de Notícias

Amanha é encerrada a COP20, dia 12 e nos últimos dias os brasileiros foram convidados a participar de reuniões com a coordenação da delegação brasileira, com o objetivo de compartilhar o que está acontecendo nas negociações, trazendo um panorama do situação brasileira na COP20. No ultimo dia 10, a reunião teve a presença do chefe da delegação brasileira José Marcondes e a ministra do meio ambiente Izabella Teixeira.

A segunda semana iniciou intensa, o que já era previsto devido ser a semana ministerial, onde os chefes de estados chegam para participar das negociações. A negociadora Thelma Krug, falou sobre as dificuldades de finalizar e entrar em consenso no texto sobre redução das emissões. O documento tinha sido fechado pra revisão das comunicações nacionais, mas ficou em aberto a questão dos inventários anuais que sofrem revisões periodicamente, que pode ser no país centralizada ou ser no escritório de forma burocrática.

Sobre  Climate Technology Initiative- CTI e Subsidiary Body for Implementation- SBI o  ponto forte para o Brasil  é que os projetos aprovados saiam do papel, e sejam implementados. Um dos principais pontos do G77 é que o instrumento continue a fortalecer essa troca de tecnologias e direitos de propriedade intelectual.

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Reynaldo de Azevedo Gosmão's picture
An inspirational day

thumb_111.jpgDiário de Bordo: Um dia de inspirações

Reynaldo de Azevedo* e Super Fulanito, da Agência Jovem de Notícias

Hoje vários movimentos sociais, sindicais e trabalhistas de diversas partes do mundo se juntaram, em Lima (Peru) para levantar suas bandeiras e lutar por mais justiça socioambiental na Marcha Mundial em Defensa de la Madre Tierra.

Meu dia iniciou na marcha, conferindo de perto quais são as opiniões das pessoas que participou da marcha. Conversei com Heloísa Garcia, que atua no Greenpeace, Clímax e Bike Anjo, sobre a importância da marcha para além de uma ação, mas de uma forma de sensibilização da sociedade sobres as diversas bandeiras levantadas nesse espaço.  “Precisamos cada vez mais enfatizar nas pessoas o poder de mudança, estar aqui na rua é muito mais que mobilização, mas é também inspiração, criando semente em várias pessoas, mostrando o poder que está em cada pessoa”.

A marcha reuniu vários grupos locais, inclusive movimentos internacionais que juntos encontraram sinergias para buscar um bem comum que é lutar pelo meio ambiente e mais justiça socioambiental. A Anistia Internacional somou forças à marcha, porque um dos fatores de desigualdades no mundo também é devido às mudanças climáticas. Não é coincidência que os mais vulneráveis, aos eventos climáticos são aqueles que vêem os seus direitos com mais frequência sendo violados.

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Nina Netzer's picture
Klimaschutz nicht nur Sache von Verhandlern, sondern auch des Volkes: Impressionen vom Peoples March

 

 

Zahlreiche Aktivisten waren gestern nicht im Verhandlungszentrum, sondern auf den Straßen von Lima anzutreffen. 15.000 Menschen, angeführt von religiösen Organisationen, Gewerkschaften, Umwelt-, Jugend- und Frauengruppen, Bauernbewegungen und Indigenen, forderten nicht nur einen fairen Abschluss der Verhandlungen, sondern auch einen Verzicht auf Ölförderung und einen Wandel des Systems, nicht des Klimas. 

 

Der farbenfrohe und friedliche Zug war die größte Klimademonstration, die Lateinamerika je gesehen hat. Damit spiegelt sie ein Momentum der Massenmobilisierung für den Klimaschutz wider, welches sich seit dem Klimagipfel in New York zunehmend herausgebildet hat.

 

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Reynaldo de Azevedo Gosmão's picture
HOW TO FARM IN A DESERT: PROJECT MANCHAY VERDE (Português, Italiano e Inglês)

 

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Reynaldo de Azevedo, da Agência Jovem de Noticias

 

Eles plantaram árvores, aprenderam as especificidades da comunidade Manchay e viram como pequenas ações podem mudar grandes realidades. Hoje Elisa Calliari, Paula Nishizima, Reynaldo Azevedo e Silvia Debiasi, da Agência Jovem de Notícias, visitaram o projeto que foi realizado em Manchay, na periferia de Lima. Os educadores do projeto que acompanharam os quatro jovens se declararam conscientes e orgulhosos de trabalhar para o povo do lugar. Os principais temas abordados por eles são o ciclo da água, reciclagem, ecologia, cuidado do meio ambiente e do desenvolvimento sustentável, e, neste caso, propuseram um modelo simples e de purificação de água natural. Através de um sistema que utiliza uma tecnologia simples também se resolve o problema da urbanização indiscriminada do centro de Manchay.

 

Manchay está a duas horas de ônibus de Lima e tem cerca de 80.000 habitantes. Gente que chegou nas últimas décadas das províncias vizinhas, impulsionada pela pobreza e pela violência dos ataques terroristas. A urbanização nunca foi gerida por métodos apropriados, por isso 80% da população não têm acesso à água potável e mais da metade não têm esgoto adequado.

 

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Reynaldo de Azevedo Gosmão's picture
Tribunal Internacional para os Direitos da Natureza discute mudanças climáticas (Português/ English/ Español)

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Reynaldo de Azevedo, da Agência Jovem de Noticias

 

O Tribunal Internacional para os Direitos da Natureza em defesa da Mãe Terra teve lugar hoje, com apresentações de vários convidados focados em mudanças climáticas, petróleo, florestas, minerais e indústrias de petróleo e muito mais.

 

Os direitos da natureza é um reconhecimento de que dignifica as árvores, oceanos, montanhas e animas para ter seus direitos respeitados, é um lugar que trata a natureza como uma prioridade, reconhecendo seu direito de viver, de existir, persistir e regenerar dentro seus ciclos de vida.

 

Atualmente a natureza está ameaçada por diversos fatores, principalmente pela indústria de petróleo e gás, com as práticas de perfuração, tais como “fracking”. A busca do poder econômico e da riqueza, torna substâncias terra de mineração e extração desenfreada e ele dispara muito dano na vida das pessoas, principalmente em comunidades tradicionais e indígenas, pois a perfuração provoca terra e rios de estarem contaminados com metano matando várias espécies de animais, evitando que as pessoas da pesca, da caça e manter seu modo de vida tradicional.

 

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Paula S. Nishizima's picture
Youth Day at COP 20 is remarked by interventions

On December 4th, during the Youth Day, young participants in COP 20 did different interventions to call the delegations’ attention in the event. There were flashmobs, musical presentations, mini side events and an intervention with the distinguished presence of Capitan Planet.

 

The organization Engajamundo did a flashmob to represent the complexity of defending life when the interests of agribusiness speak louder. They showed the importance of youth participation on breaking current standards as a possibility to bring new voices and ideas to climate change discussions.

 

Other highlight activity on Youth Day at COP 20 was the seminar “Intergenerational Inquiry: Youth as agents of change”. The event kicked off with a musical presentation of Augustin Martz and Angela Valenzuela, in which both asked for the preservation of life. “We were trying to connect with people. It is good to say what we want and show how sincere are our hopes”, said Augustin.

 

During the afternoon interviews were recorded with 12 young people from different organizations about what stands for being a young agent of change, as a way to spread their opinions to extern community. “It means that other young individuals will see current projects and look for environmental changes in their realities”, said the Bandeirante movement member and collaborator of Youth Press Agency, Luíza Winckler.

 

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Paula S. Nishizima's picture
Sub-Saharian Africa and sustainable agriculture

 

Paula Nishizima, of Youth Press Agency*

 

The smallholder farming was one of the highlights during the first day of the Global Landscapes Forum (Dec 6th) in Lima (Peru). Participants o the Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance presented simple and low-cost solutions used in African countries to improve food security and capacity to climate change adaptation. According to the Alliance, smallholder farmers represent about 80% of all Sub-Saharian agriculture and are the ones most vulnerable to climate change effects on crops. In order to overcome this issue, the network developed a few mechanisms such as the Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR), that consists basically on systematic regrowth of felled trees and shrubs.

 

These shrubs are integrated to crops and help keeping the soil's nutrients, avoiding erosion and even restoring water table. Besides, it also removes CO2 from the atmosphere. To the Director of Natural Environment and Climate Issues Christopher Shore, economic development is not that far from environmental preservation when using this method. "The most important things for Africa to be doing to improve the capacity of food production and to be able to adapt to climate change are exactly the same things that will mitigate these climate changes", claims.

 

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Nina Netzer's picture
Klimaverhandlungen könnten Öl, Kohle und Gas ein Ende bereiten

In den Verhandlungen wird aktuell auch ein sogenanntes „Langfristziel“ für den Klimaschutz diskutiert. 2010 in Cancun wurde als Langfristziel beschlossen, dass der Anstieg der durchschnittlichen globalen Erwärmung auf unter 2 Grad begrenzt werden soll. Dies bedeutet laut dem Weltklimarat IPCC, dass nur noch 900 Gigatonnen CO2 in die Atmosphäre entlassen werden dürfen. Soll dies gelingen, so der IPCC, dann müssen die Emissionen weltweit bis zur Mitte des Jahrhunderts halbiert und bis 2100 gegen Null oder sogar negativ gehen. Dabei ist in erster Linie der Stromsektor gefordert, entsprechende Reduktionen zu erbringen – bereits bis zur Mitte des Jahrhunderts sollen dort die Emissionen um 90 Prozent gegen 2010 zurückgehen, was unter anderem einen Ausstieg aus der Kohlenutzung bedeutet, sofern „Carbon Capture and Storage “ (CCS) nicht zur Anwendung kommt. Hier in Lima wird erneut diskutiert, wie ein Langfristziel für das neue Abkommen ausgestaltet werden kann – und es haben sich im letzten Jahr neue Dynamiken ergeben. Immer mehr Länder, darunter auch Deutschland, sprechen sich für eine weltweite Dekarbonisierung der Energieversorgung bis zur Mitte des Jahrhunderts aus.

 

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