Sustainability Blog

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Scaling up green livelihood initiatives-an antidote for climate change induced migration by Sachin Kumar
Environmentally induced disasters have been disrupting livelihood systems of communities significantly, forcing people to move out of their villages. This movement has far-reaching ramifications for the cities where they are going and the villages they are leaving. This issue has been dealt with at two levels, in an obstructive as well as constructive ways. Efforts are being made to ensure proper care of migrants at the place of their arrival which could be considered as one of the constructive ways. At the same time, if we develop resilient communities, provide them with adaptation and mitigation mechanisms and ensure livelihoods at their own places, they would not be forced to leave. These approaches have been bracketed under obstructive ways to deal with migration. It is important to note that both approaches are valuable. BIG GREEN project, supported by FES India can be termed as intermediate-term, obstructive way to deal with environmentally induced migration. We believe that a number of community driven green livelihood initiatives (GLIs) are available throughout the world which is ecologically sustainable, socially equitable and economically viable. But the impact of such GLIs has been limited and they remain small islands of successes. It is important that GLIs are scaled up so that their impact gets maximized and people are not forced to leave their place. It would not only check the influx of people on already
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Escaping the Double Whammy of Climate Change - Way forward for Global South´- by Shaleindra Bisht
Developing countries have to engage in a difficult balancing act of generating employment, protecting environment and fulfilling growing aspirations of a young population. This has been exacerbated by the renewed emphasis on tackling climate change on war footing. The global south has thus been burdened by additional charge on their meager resources. The Global South has to account for public opinion when their citizens may believe is that they are not responsible for the 'Climate Change mess'. There might be two ways to go forward´- Top Down led by Global North and Bottom Up led by citizen led but Global South state supported initiatives. Let me first discuss the prevelant model for tackling Global Climate Change where the developed countries provide the technical know-how, execution skill and financial resources. This could then be used by developing world to both mitigate and adapt to climate change. This is certainly faster and might be operationally and financially efficient but runs the risk of being too centralized and thus not responding to ground realities of global south.
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Primeras impresiones de la COP 21

by Gabriela Niño

La segunda semana de las negociaciones de la COP 21 empieza hoy. Los primeros pasos en la COP e impresiones sobre cómo está el ambiente en la sede: La ciudad tranquila, mucha seguridad por las calles, y alrededor de 45 minutos de Montmartre para llegar a la sede. La ciudad respira COP 21 por doquier. El sábado se aprobó el draft para la reunión ministerial con alrededor de mil corchetes, dudas sobre los temas centrales como financiamiento, pérdidas y daños, así como la meta a cumplir entre los 1.5 y los 2 grados centígrados. Las discusiones siguen y es difícil vislumbrar que tanto vamos a avanzar. Hoy por la tarde estará en la plenaria el Ministro de Medio Ambiente de México presentando la posición de México sobre este nuevo acuerdo.

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¿Ambicioso o no el borrador del Acuerdo de París?

by Gabriela Niño and Ana Mendívil

El 5 de diciembre a media noche se aprobó el borrador que el día de hoy, 7 de diciembre de 2015,  se empezará a negociar en las reuniones ministeriales de la COP21. Después de un largo camino y de múltiples reuniones desde  la COP17 en Durban, el sábado se logró tener un borrador para la segunda semana en París. No obstante, quedan muchas preguntas abiertas sobre si éste es lo suficientemente ambicioso o no.

 

Como parte de los compromisos de la Presidencia de la COP, el acuerdo debe estar listo antes de que termine la Conferencia el 11 de diciembre. Entre los pendientes, aún no es posible identificar con claridad cuáles serán los mecanismos a través de los cuales se podrán establecer acciones como el cumplimiento de las INDCs, para cumplir con la meta de que el aumento de la temperatura media global no supere los 2°C. Aunque el texto incluye una meta del 1.5°C, todavía no es posible encontrar en parte de la redacción que este objetivo debe adecuarse a los conocimientos científicos. En este sentido, resulta incomprensible seguir contemplando como horizonte la reducción del 100% de las emisiones entre 2060 y 2080, cuando es hoy el momento en el que deben reducirse por lo menos 70% de las emisiones globales para evitar impactos irreversibles en el medio ambiente y la población mundial.

 

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El día del transporte en la COP21

by Gabriela Niño and Ana Mendívil

En seguimiento al éxito del Día del Transporte celebrado en Lima en el marco de la COP20, las organizaciones Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCat Partnership), Bridiging the Gap Initiative (BtG) y Michelin Challenge Bibendum (MCB) organizaron el Día del Trasporte en el contexto de la COP21 en París, Francia.

 

Así, el domingo 06 de diciembre de 2015 se llevó a cabo en la sede de la International Union of Railway, el Transport Day 2016. Se dieron cita varios expertos de todo el mundo para hablar de sus experiencias acerca de los proyectos más novedosos que se están implementando alrededor del mundo, principalmente en los países en desarrollo. Durante las primeras horas del evento, conferencias en las diversas salas tocaron temas relativos a la reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI), eficiencia energética, financiamiento, tecnologías y cambios de paradigma sobre la movilidad, el desarrollo urbano y el espacio público.

 

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COY11 MANIFESTO: A tool for action and lobbying on the fight against Climate Change

youth in 9 different locations, in all continents, and on the web drafting together their recommendations and values for a better world.

By Luciano Frontelle and Giulia Motta Zanin

Just a few days away from the United Nations Conference on Climate Change, COP21, youth from all around the world gathered at the same time in Paris, for COY11, and all the other continents, in Local COYs. Their objective was to draft and publish a Manifesto that may inspire others to act and help those whom are going to be lobbying for a bold and strong agreement  at the end of the negotiations happening for the next two weeks in Le Bourget.

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Youngo opens the COP21 with a disturbing but hopeful speach

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Pedro Neves, from France

Since the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ), in 2005 at COP 5 in Bonn, youth and adolescents have participated in its elaboration, as well as hosting preparatory meetings called "Youth Conferences", which help build and empower these young people to the process of negotiations .

The United Nations set up an organ, with this group of participants, called Youngo (UNFCCC observer constituency of youth non-governmental organizations). In practical terms, it was given to Youngo the responsibility for directing plenaries, discussing high-level segments of the COP/CMP, making individual and collective requests, holding training workshops, finding Convention officers, and also occupying seats in the discussions, also promoting the Youth Day for future generations about the COPs.

On the first day of the event in Paris, Youngo published their first statement and released a document saying the expectations for the agreements that define COP21. "Breathe deeply. This will be the last time that any living being will witness the CO2 levels below 400ppm. After long years sleeping, from 1992 to 2015, it's time to wake up", said Juan Jose Vazquez Milling, representative of Youngo, in his opening speech at COP21.

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¿Es posible que una economía decrezca?

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Inti Tonatiuh Rioja Guzmán * resumen campamento de Decrecimiento y Cambio Climático en Erkelenz - Alemania.

 

Pese al crecimiento de nuevos países en la economía mundial como China, la hegemonía del norte contemplada como Europa occidental y Estados Unidos se encuentra vigente, el modelo que plantea medir el crecimiento a partir del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) es un ejemplo.

 

El modelo impulsa a que las economías se vean en una constante carrera de expansión, es una teoría de connotaciones fuertes e involucra los paradigmas civilizatorios de gobierno y sociedad civil.

 

El crecimiento juega un rol importante en las sociedades capitalistas, puede mantener a poblaciones políticamente estables al costo de moverse constantemente para no caer, a su vez, el expandirse y reproducirse genera individualización de las personas llevando al medio ambiente a un límite.

 

Es compleja la realidad, principalmente porque vemos una evolución del colonialismo antes impuesto de persona a persona, ahora, de modelo económico a persona, todo esto a raíz de la necesidad de “crear” un sujeto que pueda ser explotado globalmente, una especie de racismo ambiental.

 

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Degrowth by example

Degrowth means living lightly on earth, says Dr. Al-Jayyousi from Jordan to a tent of fully packed enthusiasts who want to listen to his lecture about “Islam and Sustainable Development”. The summer camp that attracted more than a thousand activists from around Germany and other countries such as Afghanistan, Jordan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, and Canada, the latter supported by the FES.

Their slogan ‘Degrowth’, which is still not recognizable by my computer dictionary, was not mere words but a collective strive to show it in action during the 10-day camp from August 7 to 17 in the Rhineland. A platform, in order to exchange knowledge and experience amongst the developing and developed nations about climate justice and how the industrialization has negatively affected the environment, the society, displaced entire communities, and has caused misfortune to the same human beings it is supposed to help.

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